A member of the Solanaceae (Nightshade) family, tomatoes are believed to have originated from Peru where they were first cultivated by the Aztecs and Incas as early as 700 AD.
Since tomatoes actually grow from a tree they are classified as a fruit.
From cherry to beef, there is an extensive list of different variety of tomatoes, but typically the fruit consists of a deep red skin colour, which covers its red succulent flesh containing edible seeds, and can vary from sweet to sour depending on the type.
- Particularly high in vitamin C which is an excellent phytonutrient that helps prevent dry skin, fight infections and can form antioxidants to scavenge cancerous free radicals in the body. (1)
- A great source of vitamin A which combines with carotenoids such as beta-carotene and lycopene, helping to improve eye vision and maintain healthy mucus membranes. (2)
- Contains good doses of vitamin E which combines well with vitamin C to prevent atherosclerosis plaque formation. (3)
- A good source of vitamin K which is important for balanced blood coagulation the strengthening of bones and teeth and even can prevent cancer. (4)
- Contains a plentiful supply of B vitamins, particularly B-12 (folate)which work collaboratively to ensure the healthy metabolism of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates, these vitamins are essential as they can only be obtained from an outside source. (5)
- Consists of good levels of manganese which is a cofactor with the antioxidant superoxide dismutase that helps eradicate harmful free radicals that cause cellular damage and helps to absorb calcium, as well as form tissues, bones, and sex hormones. (1)
Tomatoes should be left to ripen at room temperature to obtain the most amount of nutrients from them. Tomatoes will ripen quicker when placed near bananas or apples as they produce ethylene gas which reacts positively with the fruit.
Tomatoes rapidly absorb aluminium metals which are poisonous for humans to ingest. Therefore try to store and cook tomatoes without the use of aluminium products.
Tomato Nutrition Facts
Serving Size: 100 grams, red, ripe, raw
|Calories from Fat||2|
|Total Fat||0 g||0%|
|Saturated Fat||0 g||0%|
|Total Carbohydrates||4 g||1%|
|Dietary Fibre||1 g||5%|
|Vitamin A 17%||Vitamin C||21%|
*Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie intake.
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