Growing underground, truffles are an edible type of fungus which need specific climates and soils to thrive in such as the mountains of Italy and France. They usually thrive by obtaining the nutrients of roots between 2.5 to 10 centimetres below the soil and mature, edible fungal filaments are produced every five years.
Truffles have rough, scaly skin and comprise of two main types: black truffle and white truffle which are both found in Europe.
Black truffle is a cold-weathered fungus that usually thrives under oak trees in the southwest region of France and sell for over £200 per pound in weight.
White truffle grows on the roots of oak, poplar, beech and hazelnut trees is typically found in northern Italy and are claimed to have more of a pleasant fragrance which is one of the reasons it costs approximately £1,500 per pound in weight.
In order to find these truffles, people have trained dogs and even pigs to sniff out the hidden aromas of these fungi.
Black truffles taste earthy or woody, whereas white truffles taste similar to shallots with a musky aroma.
Truffles contain three types of umami substances, where just a thin slice can add an intensely rich flavour to food.
- Contains vitamin C which helps the body fight infections as well as provide vital antioxidants which scavenge cancerous free radicals in the body. (1)
- Provides manganese and folate, as well as potassium with its co-factoring enzyme, superoxide dismutase, which helps to regulate the flow of blood around the body. (2)
- Comprise of high levels of copper which is essential to human health as our body cannot produce this metal and helps reduce coronary heart disease by increasing red blood cells. (3)
- A nutrient rich source of protein, amino acids and fatty acids (including polyunsaturated linoleic acid) which are all beneficial in the growth and repair of cells as well as enhancing the nutritious taste of the fungi. (4)
Truffles Nutrition Facts
Serving Size: 50 grams
|Calories from Fat|
|Total Fat||16 g|
|Saturated Fat||10 g|
|Total Carbohydrates||21 g|
|Dietary Fiber||1 g|
|Vitamin A 5%||Vitamin C||8%|
*Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie intake.
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